The first Olympics after the dead of Baron de Coubertin in 1937 were austerity games (=low budget, low profile) due to the second world war and that's why Japan and Germany were not invited. The 1940 Games had been scheduled for Tokyo and later for Helsinki. The 1944 Games had been planned for London in a tentative way: the war was indeed still going on! The economic character came forward by not building new venues and housing the athletes in existing accommodations instead of an Olympic Village. Besides that there was a form of food rationing though the athletes were given increased portions. Star of the Olympics was Fanny Blankers-Koen from Holland winning four gold medals in track. Beside her Veikko Huhtanen of Finland took five medals (3 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze). We don't include the art competitions. At the end of the Games Marie Provaznikova, the 57-year old Czechoslovakian President of the International Gymnastics Federation, was disloyal to her native country because of the lack of freedom she experienced after the Czech coup in february 1948 leading to a membership of the Soviet bloc and stayed in the UK after the Games had ended.