Helsinki was the (olympic) place to be, rewarding the fact that the 1940-Games were granted to Helsinki, but were cancelled then because of World War II. After 40 years Russia returned to the Olympics, now called Soviet Union. Because Finland wanted to avoid every discussion with the Soviets all there demands were granted. The most particular one was the building of a separate Olympic village for the Soviets with , strangely enough, admission of the IOC. Other newbies were Bahamas, Gold Coast (now better known as Ghana), Guatamala, Dutch Antilles, Hong Kong , Indonesia, Israel (without any boycots), Nigeria, Thailand and Vietnam. Furthermore there was a only once performance of Saar, a Second World War legacy. Germany and Japan were invited for the first time after 1945: only West Germans participated in the German team. Last mentioned is Taiwan that had withdrawn because of the invitation of mainland China. The man of the Games was the Czech Emil Zatopek who won the 5.000m, the 10.000m ànd the marathon: an unbelievable and never equaled achievement. Dissonant was the 10.000 walk where highly questionable disqualifications took place, but the number 2 and 3 were running for the finishline and were not punished. The event was (very wisely) dropped from future Games.