These games were the first to be telecast internationally without the need for tapes to be flown overseas as they were for the 1960 Olympics four years earlier. These games were also the first asian games and the Japanse spend a lot of money on stadia and transport systems (estimate $ 3 billion). South Africa was banned for the first time because of her 'apartheid' system. Indonesia and North Korea were also missing due to a participation in the unsanctioned (by the IOC) GANEFO Games (GANEFO stands for Games of the New Emergent Forces). The Olympic flag was raised tot the top of a flagpole that measured 15.21m being the distance jumped by Mikio Oda in 1928 when he won Japan's first gold medal. Judo and Volleyball were programmed for the first time. Other (not specific Olympic but worth mentioning) innovations were: >> the atletic competitions took for the last time place on a cinder-path >> pole vault athletes used a fiber pole for the first time